Frisian name in oldest Nordic runestone found

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Nordic
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Frisian name in oldest Nordic runestone found

Post by Nordic »

So apparently the oldest known runestone find from Norway is making into the news, more news and even more news. All fixate on the assumed deeply carved text "idiberug", altough the presence of "Fut" of Futhark is also mentioned.

If we look at the faint text above the main "idiberug" text, it can be read as:
ᛉ:ᛒᚠᚠᛚᚨᛁᛐ
z:bfflait/d

... which means nothing. However if read from right-to-left it gives:
ᛐᛁᚨᛚᚠᚠᛒ:ᛉ
tialffb:z
Which is the Frisian name Tjalf. Edit: see also Þjálfi the 'elf', image at bottom here.

If we assume there was a consistent right-to-left writing on the stone, the "idiberug" text reads with addition of the faint additional markings (ᛁᛞᛁᛒ(ᛒ)ᛖᚱᚢᚷᛦᚼ?) as:

?ᚼᛦ ᚷᚢᚱ ᛖᛒ(ᛒ)ᛁ ᛞᛁ
?hR gur eb(b)i di
här gör Ebbi di (di/thī/þí(n) 'you', 'day', di 'to drink')
or in English "Here makes/works Ebbi you". Makes contextual sense.
Edit: alternatively hur gör Ebbi di or in English "How Ebbi works/makes you".
runestone.jpg
runestone.jpg (227.4 KiB) Viewed 715 times
Last edited by Nordic on 20 Jan 2023, 15:08, edited 1 time in total.
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ott
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Re: Frisian name in oldest Nordic runestone found

Post by ott »

Very interesting. Thank you for the updat and please keep us posted.
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